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Security & Policing

 

 

SALIENT FEATURES OF STUDIES ON SECURITY AND POLICING ON RAILWAYS
  • Railway Police committee, 1872
  • The Indian Police Commission, 1902-03
  • Railway Police Committee, 1907
  • The Railway Police Committee, 1921
  • The Mullick study, 1954
  • High powered Committee on Security and Policing on the Railways, 1966-68
  • The Administrative Reforms Commission, 1970
  • One man expert Committee on Railway Security and Protection, 1976
  • National Police Commission, 1981(Railway Police Panel, 1978)
  • Railway Reforms Committee,1983
  • Committee on Sub-ordinate legislation (5th Lok Sabha ),1988-89

RAILWAY POLICE COMMITTEE, 1872

  • Railway Police /Govt.. Police to split up in into ‘Govt.. Police’ for law enforcement (A-duties –Investigation and Crime, B-1&2-duties – Platforms and Orders) and ‘Company Police’ for protection of Goods sheds, Yards, Wagons and other Railway Properties (B3-duties – Watch and Ward)Railway Police committee, 1872

INDIAN POLICE COMMISSION, 1902-03

  • Favoured ‘Provincial System’ of Railway Police Administration over ‘Railway Administration System’
  • Recommended close co-ordination between Railway Police and Railway Administration
  • Separation of Watch and Ward duties from Railway Police.
  • Close co-operation between Railway and District Police.

RAILWAY POLICE COMMITTEE, 1907

  • Duties of Railway Police was re-classified into class-A (Crime duties – rank and file to be paid entirely by Government ) and class-B (Order duties – rank and file to be paid for entirely by railways)
  • The proportion of cost of supervision charged to Railway to be fixed at 1/4th of total cost

THE RAILWAY POLICE COMMITTEE, 1921

  • A Central Crime Bureau of Information and Advice
  • A Spl. Detective and Inv.. Agency in each province
  • Power of search to OC of Rly. Police Station
  • Watch and Ward to be organized as a Rly. Unit
  • Provincial system of organization for Rly. Police
  • Uniform Rules and procedures through out India
  • Close co-operation between the Rly. and Dist. Police
  • Police Guards for protection on night trains.

THE MULLICK STUDY, 1954

  • Fusion of the provincial, the Dist. and Rly. Admn. System
  • SRP to have only Administrative control while SP of the respective Dist. to have day-to-day operational control over GRP to ensure close Co-operation.

H.P. COMMITTEE ON SECURITY AND POLICING, 1968

  • Creation of a Central Rly. Police Unit under Rlys.
  • Abolition of distinction between Crime and Order wing of GRP
  • Additional powers to RPF
  • Powers of Sec. 151 & 152 Cr.P.C. to be conferred to RPF
  • Protection of Rly. Track to be responsibility of state Govt.
  • Due consideration to the need for increase in strength of crime and order wings of Rly. Police

ONE MAN EXPERT COMMITTEE ON RAILWAY SECURITY & PROTECTION, 1976

  • Didn’t favour unified Police Force concept
  • Abolition of Order and Crime wing of GRP
  • GRP should remain separate from Dist. Police
  • SPs of Dist. Should be responsible for controlling Crime on Rlys. in their Dist.
  • Rly. to bear 50% of total expenditure on GRP
  • MHA to reply Parliamentary Questions on L&O and Crime on Railways
  • Concurrent legal powers in matter of offences against Rly. Property to RPF

NATIONAL POLICE COMMISSION, 1981

  • Constituted Rly. Police Panel, 1978 to study and recommend measures to improve Security and Policing in Rlys.
  • However before the Commission could examine the recommendation, it was wound-up.

RAILWAY REFORMS COMMITTEE, 1983

  • Strength of GRP to increase substantially
  • GRP to be merged with Dist. Police
  • Mobile OPs by Civil Police in trains
  • Registration of FIRs by Mobile OPs irrespective of jurisdiction and Place of Occurrence
  • Legal Powers to RPF to deal with unlawful assemblies and riotous mob
  • Abolition of RPF escorts in trains
  • Rly. Officials to have indirect say in annual assessment reports of S.H.O. of GRP

COMMITTEE ON SUB-ORDINATE LEGISLATION
(5TH LOK SABHA, 1988-89)

  • Conducted scrutiny of RPF Rules 1987 but restricted study and recommendation to issues like Recruitment, Promotion, Disciplinary and Appeal Powers, Service Conditions etc.




Source : Ministry of Railways (Railway Board) CMS Team Last Reviewed on: 21-02-2011  

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