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CHAPTER III
SAFETY POLICY ISSUES
 
3.1 There are many areas requiring administrative decisions and directives for long-term policies. They primarily relate to accountability, supervision, maintenance of assets, quality of material related to safety components, train operations and industrial relations etc. Some of them are enumerated below :

3.2 Managerial Accountability and Human Resource Development


  • Responsibility at higher supervisory and managerial level for repeated failures or unsafe working
  • Accountability for prolonged abnormal working
  • Service review of critical categories at the age of 55 years or on completion of 30 years of service whichever is earlier, by a positive act of approval
  • Objective assessment of driving crews and performance based categorization
  • Fighting alcoholism in certain categories at work places
  • Equipping safety organisation with a pride of place in the hierarchy
3.3 Management of Assets

Track
  • Adoption of `zero missing fittings' concept applicable to all track gangs
  • Introduction of concept of zero avoidable track defects
  • Safety tolerances for track
  • Formulation of comprehensive policy for mechanised maintenance of track
  • Policy of lubrication on curves, points and crossings, weak track, work sites and at poor formations
  • Adoption of long-term policy for rail grindings
  • Procurement of longer rails (more than 13 metres) from steel plants
  • Planning of portable flash butt welding plant/machinery
  • Anti-sabotage measures for protection of track
Rolling Stock
  • Zero defects and `zero missing safety fittings' at the time of turning out locos from base sheds and sample check and certification by officers
  • Adherence to `zero missing safety fittings' at the time of turning out of coaches and wagons from workshops and sick lines
  • 100% brake power on air brake trains at originating points and 90% at any intermediate points for close circuit rakes
  • Review of pattern of examination
  • Extending the concept of close circuit rakes to more and more wagon fleet
  • Increased stress on quality of out- turn from workshops
  • Phasing out of four-wheeler tank wagonsM
Signalling & Telecommunications
  • Laying down maintenance schedules and their adherence for all types of signalling gears and equipments
  • Timely overhaul of all signalling installations
  • Safety tolerenace of all Signal and Telecom gears and equipments for Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) and Mean Time To Repair (MTTR)
  • Long-term policy on provision of Train Protection & Warning System and Anti-Collision Device
  • Comprehensive maintenance policy for signal and telecom equipments to achieve zero failure of track circuit and axle counter equipment
  • Policy of continuous track circuiting on identified routes
  • Mobile train radio communication
  • Solid State interlocking
  • Train actuated warning device (TAWD)
Level Crossings
Re-classification of all existing level crossings, both manned and unmanned, based on density of trains & road vehicles for the purpose of their manning, upgradation and review of sanctioned works

Material Procurement
Identification of safety components related to :-

  • Rail wheel interfac
  • ocomotives, coaches and wagons etc.
  • Improvement of speed of trains or visibility of signals i.e. loco headlights, loco flashers, wipers, speed recorders, data recorders, vacuum and
  • air pressure equipment, Alarm Chain Pulling (ACP) equipment in coaches, etc.
  • Fire prevention/protection items in locos, coaches and petroleum (POL) rakes
  • Signal equipment related to train operations viz. tail lamps, hand signal lamps, flashers, safety board indicators and signal indicators etc
  • Policy of procurement of safety related stores items
  • Adoption of life cycle costing principles
  • Review of specifications and inspection of material
General
  • Fixation of codal life of new assets, with the upgradation of infrastructure and induction of new technology
  • Review of codal life with rehabilitation of assets
  • Revision of maintenance schedules of new assets with improved technology
  • Premature condemnation/ replacement of assets
  • Issues related to inter-departmental co-ordination
  • Post-project techno-economic audit of safety-related projects
3.4 Train Operations
  • Assessment of line capacity, its constraints vis-à-vis new services
  • Review of maintenance infrastructure for safe and efficient operations
  • Guidelines on locomotives, coaches, wagons, overdue for maintenance schedules
  • Phasing out of 4-wheeler tank wagons or limiting their operation
  • Formulation and issuance of comprehensive policy for dealing with fire incidents in loaded POL rakes
  • Maintenance and operating disciplines for close circuit rakes<
  • Issues related to loading beyond the identified carrying capacity
  • Assessing physical and mental stress on driving crews and train passing staff