The procedures and practices in relation to the buildings and structures on Indian Railways were laid down in the Indian Railways Way and Works Manual of 1967, which was to be revised into three different Manuals viz. P. Way, Bridges and Works. While the P. Way and Bridge Manuals in their revised form were published in 1986 and 1998 respectively, Works Manual is now being published in the completely updated and revised form. With the modifications in the functioning related to works as well as due to introduction of new types of structures, some radical changes  were inescapable. The recent shift in emphasis on customer care, passenger amenities, commercial exploitation of railway land and afforestation in the railway premises required provisions in the Works Manual. Also, new methodologies now available have been included in the Manual for the benefit of the civil engineers responsible for the construction and maintenance of railway assets.

It is hoped that procedures and practices laid down in the Manual will be of help to civil engineers in not only maintaining various buildings and structures with better standards, economy and safety but also in generating much needed revenue for Railways.

New Delhi,                                                                                                               (V.K. Agnihotri)
02-2-2000.                                                                                                          Member Engineering
                                                                                                                               Railway Board.



1. Index letters for Codes - The following index letters are used for distinguishing the several Indian Railway Codes from each other -
A - Accounts Department
E - Engineering Department
F - Financial Code
G - Administration & Finance - an Introduction
R - Establishment Code
S - Stores Code
T - Traffic Department (Commercial)
M - Mechanical Department (workshops)

2. Paragraph Numbers - For convenience of indexing of reference, the paragraphs have been numbered according to 3 or 4 figures "Code", in which the last two figures give the number of the paragraph and the remaining figures the number of the Chapter. Thus paragraph 101 of any code is paragraph I of Chapter 1 of that code and paragraph 1421, paragraph 21 of Chapter XIV.

3. Reference to paragraphs - Reference to paragraphs of a code is made by putting the paragraph number, suffixed by the index letter of the code concerned. Thus 1335-R means paragraph 35 of chapter XIII of the Indian Railway Establishment Code Volume 1 and 5 Appendix VIII-RI means paragraph 5 of Appendix VIII of the Indian Railway Establishment Code Vol. I.

4. Index to Correction Slips -To facilitate reference to correction slips that have been issued to the Codes, an up-to-date index of correction slips is published from time to time showing for each Code the paragraph of rule numbers affected by correction slips and the numbers of such correction slips. This index may be pasted inside the cover of each Code.

5. Reference year quoted against various codes and references mentioned in this Manual are the latest available versions. These may be replaced by the subsequent versions whenever new versions are issued.






The Indian Railways Way & Works Manual was last published in 1967. On the recommendation of the Track Standards Committee vide Item No.678 of the 49tr Report, it was decided to split the Manual into three separate parts, viz. Permanent Way, Bridges and Works. The Permanent Way Manual was published in 1986 and the Bridge Manual has been published in 1998. With this Manual now being published, a long standing need has been fulfilled.

The work of revision was first undertaken by a Committee constituted vide Railway Board's letter No.82/W-1/M-W/2 dated 30.3.87, consisting of Chief Planning & Design Engineers of five Zonal Railways and Director, IRICEN. The Committee, however, could do only a part of the job due to retirement of several Members. However, Railway Board nominated a Select Committee vide letter No.82/W-1/M-W/2 dated 17.9.92. The revised draft Manual prepared by the Members of this Select Committee was submitted to the Railway Board and was circulated to all the Zonal Railways and Construction Organisations for their comments. After due consideration of the comments and suggestions received from various Units, the finally revised edition in the present form was prepared by IRICEN. This includes addition of clauses related to maintenance of roads, handing over assets, felling of trees, management of land, water proofing of roofs etc.

While revising this Manual, provisions of other Codes and Manuals of Indian Railways have been taken into account. As far as possible, provisions contained in existing Codes have not been reproduced or repeated to avoid duplication leading to differing versions. Chapters on Contracts, Engineering Stores & Accountal, Control over Expenditure and Deposit Works, which existed in the earlier Way & Works Manual, are now a part of the Indian Railways Code for Engineering Department, 1993; hence not included in the present edition. Due consideration has also been given to codes and standards published by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and National Building Organisation (NBO).

All efforts have been made to make the instructions comprehensive. However, the Chief Engineers of Zonal Railways may supplement or elaborate the practices and procedures contained herein wherever necessary to suit local conditions on their Railways. Such instructions or orders should not contravene the extant provisions of national Codes, Rules and guidelines as applicable to Indian Railways.

Railway Board will be glad to consider any comments- and suggestions from the Railway Administrations.


(A.K. Yog)                                                                                                           (V.K. Bahmani)
OSD (Engineering)                                                                        Executive Director Civil Engineering (G)
Railway Board.                                                                                                      Railway Board.